The Resource VAT/GST thresholds and small businesses : where to draw the line?

VAT/GST thresholds and small businesses : where to draw the line?

Label
VAT/GST thresholds and small businesses : where to draw the line?
Title
VAT/GST thresholds and small businesses : where to draw the line?
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Inherent features of any business tax are the imposition of relatively higher compliance costs on small businesses and higher administrative costs faced by tax authorities in respect of these firms, allied with low net tax revenue collected from the sector. A common response in jurisdictions levying a value-added tax (VAT) is the adoption of a registration threshold to remove from the formal VAT system small businesses for which the compliance burden would be most onerous, with the threshold being set at a level that does not seriously undermine VAT revenue. However, the distinction caused by the threshold between enterprises excluded from the VAT and others fully incorporated into the tax system gives rise to competitive distortions; these distortions are ameliorated for some businesses through a voluntary registration option, while other businesses are induced to adopt behaviour that will allow them to remain below the registration threshold. Taking the form of commercial restraint, enterprise splitting, or underreporting of sales, this behaviour leads to further distortions and threatens revenue collection. This article reviews the key considerations and challenges in setting a VAT registration threshold and the consequences of adopting that boundary. Two issues related to the choice of threshold concern the use of "transitioning" subsidy regimes adopted in some jurisdictions to reduce the tax discontinuity as enterprises move into the full VAT system and the special concessional regimes used in some countries to reduce the compliance burden that small businesses face once they are subject to VAT. Another approach found in some jurisdictions is the use of a tax regime border instead of a registration threshold, with a full VAT being levied on enterprises above the border and a substitute turnover (revenue) tax being imposed on small businesses below the border. The turnover tax alternative has been variously explained as a system intended to achieve simplification or revenue-raising objectives. The benefits of the transitioning and simplification schemes may be exaggerated, while their unintended costs and distortions may be insufficiently recognized. A review of these systems can provide guidance to policy makers contemplating reform or the adoption of new regimes
Citation source
In: Canadian tax journal = Revue fiscale canadienne. - Toronto. - Vol. 66 (2018), no. 2 ; p. 309-347
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Zu, Y
Geographic coverage
International
Language note
English
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • VAT
  • VAT system
  • GST
  • VAT registration
  • compliance costs
  • SME
Label
VAT/GST thresholds and small businesses : where to draw the line?
Instantiates
Publication
Label
VAT/GST thresholds and small businesses : where to draw the line?
Publication

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